The NCI Data Catalog is a listing of data collections produced by major NCI initiatives and other widely used data sets. Data collections included in the catalog meet the following criteria:

  • Produced by NCI intramural researchers or major NCI initiatives, or regularly referenced NCI-funded extramural research data
  • Available to all researchers and may be Open or Controlled Access (requiring approval by a Data Access Committee)
  • Well documented and available for download

Although this is not a comprehensive listing of data sets available from NCI, the list will be updated quarterly.

Categories of data sets include:

Category

Data Collection Name

Description

Biospecimens

Biospecimen Research Database (BRD) BRD is a free, publicly accessible literature database that contains peer-reviewed primary and review articles and Standard Operation Procedures (SOPs) in the field of human biospecimen science. 
Each literature curation captures the following relevant parameters:
  • Biospecimen investigated, analyte(s) of interest, and technology platforms employed
  • Pre-analytical factors investigated
  • An original summary of relevant results

SOPs are organized in a system with Biospecimen Evidence Based Practices (BEBP).

Cancer Screening Trial

Cancer Data Access System (CDAS) CDAS is a submission and tracking system for the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) data and the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial data.
The data includes a:
  • Summary of the trial
  • Description of the data collected
  • Searchable list of research projects and publications

Clinical

NCTN/NCORP Data Archive This centralized, controlled-access database is a repository of de-identified, patient level data from phase III clinical trials conducted by NCI's National Clinical Trials Network (NCTN), (NCI's Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP), and the Canadian Cancer Trials Group (CCTG).

After approval of a signed Data Use Agreement (DUA), researchers can download patient level clinical data sets and their associated data dictionaries.

Clinical, Genomics Personalized Cancer Therapy The Personalized Cancer Therapy website was developed as a tool for physicians and patients to assess potential therapy options based on specific tumor biomarkers. The focus is on the potential therapy strategies for tumors harboring certain genomic alterations regardless of disease site.

The available data includes:

  • Study association of a detected genomic alteration with tumor development and growth.
  • Association of genomic alteration to increased or decreased response to therapy.
  • Availability of relevant Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved therapies or investigational agents in clinical trials.

Drug Discovery

NCI Panel of 60 Human Tumor Cell Lines (NCI-60) NCI-60, available for analysis in CellMiner, is a panel of 60 diverse human cancer cell lines used by the NCI Developmental Therapeutics Program to screen over 100,000 chemical compounds and natural products since 1990.

Gene expression data files can be downloaded from an NCI-hosted FTP sites:

Epidemiology

Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database SEER collects and publishes cancer incidence and survival data from population-based cancer registries covering approximately 30 percent of the U.S. population. 
The SEER database includes incidence and population data associated by:
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Year of diagnosis
  • Geographic areas

SEER statistics and the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences (DCCPS) data resources can be accessed on the DCCPS website.

Genomics NCI Genomic Data  Sets Available in Database of Genotypes and Phenotypes
(dbGaP)
dbGaP was developed to archive and distribute the data and results from studies that have investigated the interaction of genotype and phenotype in humans. Over 150 NCI studies are now registered in dbGaP. To request controlled access data in dbGaP, view our instructions on the Access Genomic Data page.
Genomics Genomic Data Commons (GDC) GDC provides the cancer research community with a unified data repository that enables data sharing across cancer genomic studies in support of precision medicine. The GDC supports several cancer genome programs at the NCI Center for Cancer Genomics (CCG) including:
Genomics Cancer Genome Characterization Initiative (CGCI) CGCI researchers develop and apply advanced sequencing and other genome-based methods to identify novel genetic abnormalities in both adult and pediatric cancers. The genetic profiles are used to inform better cancer diagnosis and treatment.
  • CGCI data are available through the project data matrix
Genomics Investigation of Serial Studies to Predict Your Therapeutic Response with Imaging and Molecular Analysis, I-SPY1 The I-SPY 1 TRIAL sought to identify indicators of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy that predict survival in women with high-risk breast cancer.
  • Gene expression data files can be downloaded from an NCI-hosted FTP site
Genomics Molecular Targets for Cancer Thousands of molecular targets have been measured in the NCI panel of 60 human tumor cell lines. You can search for a target of interest or you may browse through a list of targets.
Measurements include:
  • Protein levels
  • RNA measurements
  • Mutation status
  • Enzyme activity levels
Genomics NCI Brain Neoplasia Data (Rembrandt Database)  NCI Brain Neoplasia Data (Rembrandt Database) integrates clinical and functional genomics data from clinical trials involving brain tumor patients and provides the ability to perform ad hoc querying, reporting and analysis across multiple data domains, including gene expression, gene copy number and clinical data.
Genomics TARGET: Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatments TARGET applies a comprehensive genomic approach to determine molecular changes that drive childhood cancers. The goal is to facilitate the discovery of therapeutic targets for childhood cancers and catalyze the translation of these discoveries into clinical applications. 
The TARGET data matrix includes:
  • Genomic data
  • Clinical information that cannot be used to identify patients

Genomics

The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) is a comprehensive effort to accelerate the understanding of the molecular basis of cancer through the application of genome analysis technologies. The TCGA Data Portal provides a platform for researchers to search, download, and analyze data from over 30 different types of cancer. It contains:
  • Clinical information that cannot be used to identify patients
  • Genomic characterization data
  • High level sequence analysis of the tumor genomes
Genomics The NCI Director's Challenge Adenocarcinoma Lung Study A large, training, testing, multi-site, blinded validation study to characterize the performance of several prognostic models based on gene expression for 442 lung adenocarcinomas. The proposed hypotheses examined whether microarray measurements of gene expression either alone or combined with basic clinical covariates (stage, age, sex) could be used to predict overall survival in lung cancer subjects.

Imaging

The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) TCIA is a curated archive of medical images accessible for public download and includes the data from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) and many subjects from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA).  Data are divided into collections grouped by common cancer types or research aims. Users can also search these collections by modality, anatomic location, or various acquisition parameters. Pathology imaging, patient demographics/outcomes, expert-derived segmentations/annotations, genomics, and other supporting data are also provided where available.

Nanomaterial Characterizations

caNanoLab caNanoLab includes over 1000 curated nanomaterials relevant in cancer with detailed characterizations and associated nanotechnology protocols and publications
  • Researchers can perform web-based queries and download reports for re-use and additional analysis

Networks

The Network Data Exchange
(NDEX)
NDEx allows researchers to share, store, manipulate and publish biological network information. The project maintains a public NDEx server and is a joint effort of the UC San Diego School of Medicine and the Cytoscape Consortium.
  • Access published networks aggregated from several pathway and interaction databases.
  • Create your own networks to use, share, or publish.

Proteomics

The Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) CPTAC analyzes cancer biospecimens by mass spectrometry, characterizing and quantifying their constituent proteins, or proteome. 
The CPTAC Data Portal is the centralized repository for the dissemination of proteomic data collected by the Proteome Characterization Centers (PCCs)

Target Discovery

Cancer Target Discovery and Development (CTD2) CTD2 bridges the gap between the enormous volumes of data generated by genomic characterization studies and the ability to use these data for the development of human cancer therapeutics. It specializes in using computational and functional genomic approaches to translate next-generation sequencing data, and data from high-throughput and high content small molecule and genetic screens, into clinical applications. All data generated are open access.
  • Raw and analyzed primary data are deposited in the CTD2 Data Portal
  • Conclusions generated by CTD2 investigators, along with supporting data and evidence, are deposited in the CTD2 Dashboard
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